By Elin Suleymanov (7/2/2003 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: In an area where a tradition of regional cooperation has yet to be established, the very fact of reaching multilateral agreements of such complexity and significance as the BTC project implies has produced the basis not only of this one pipeline, but also set a precedent of mutually beneficial cooperation and laid the basis for further development of the East-West transportation corridor. A unique, harmonized legal regime for the construction of the pipeline emerged from meticulous multi-year negotiations among specialists from the three transit countries, industry executives, and western government representatives. However, it is the very symbol of promising potential of regional cooperation, the HGAs, that are the center of the controversy.
By Vano Matchavariani (6/18/2003 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: Given a two percent annual increase in world energy consumption projected by the U.S. Department of Energy, political volatility in the Middle East and an American desire to find additional, non-OPEC oil sources, alternative energy sources have become an important American foreign policy priority.
By Michael Denison (6/18/2003 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: Tasmagambetov appeared to have been ‘out of the woods’ on the land reform issue after his government survived a vote of confidence held by a joint session of parliament on 19 May. Calling the vote in the first place had been a political manoeuvre by Tasmagambetov aimed at securing the adoption of the government’s version of the draft land code without the 500 amendments to the bill tabled by deputies of the Majilis (lower house). The issue of land privatization has engendered an extraordinary coalescence of the disparate factions making up the political opposition.
By Annette Bohr (6/18/2003 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: According to official reports, President Niyazov\'s motorcade was fired upon at about 7 a.m. in downtown Ashgabat as he was traveling to his office from his residence in Arshabil, 28 kilometers outside the capital.
The Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst is a biweekly publication of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center affiliated with the American Foreign Policy Council, Washington DC., and the Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm. For 15 years, the Analyst has brought cutting edge analysis of the region geared toward a practitioner audience.