By Dr. Robert M. Cutler (9/27/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: In October 1992, nine CIS countries signed the Bishkek Accord on visa-free travel: Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova. Georgia joined the accord in August 1995. In 1997, Ukraine and Azerbaijan separately negotiated bilateral regimes of visa-free travel with Russia.
By Miriam Lanskoy (9/27/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: As one of the organizers of the 1991 Common National Congress of the Chechen people, Yusup Soslambekov read aloud and brought to a vote the resolution concerning Chechen independence. The Chechen Congress chose Dzhokhar Dudaev to lead its executive committee and Soslambekov became one of his deputies. This organization evolved into the post-Soviet Chechen government, in which Dudaev was president while Soslambekov served on various parliamentary committees.
By Alim Seytoff (9/27/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: According Chinas Peoples Daily, a military truck belonging to the Peoples Liberation Army Reservist Force, exploded as it carried explosives for disposal on September 8 in Urumchi, the capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. This catastrophic explosion took place during Friday's rush hour at 7:38 p.m.
By Ahmed Rashid (9/27/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan continue to accuse Tajikistan of allowing scores of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) guerrillas entering its territory from northern Afghanistan and crossing into southwestern Kyrgyzstan and northwestern Uzbekistan in their bid to enter the Ferghana Valley. On August 25, Uzbek President Islam Karimov accused Tajik government ministers, who are members of the United Tajik Opposition (UTO) made up of former Islamic groups and now partners in the Tajik coalition government, of clandestinely helping the IMU. In particular, President Karimov accused the Tajik Minister of Emergencies and former UTO leader Mirzo Ziyoev of helping the rebels, a charge Ziyoev denied.
The Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst is a biweekly publication of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center affiliated with the American Foreign Policy Council, Washington DC., and the Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm. For 15 years, the Analyst has brought cutting edge analysis of the region geared toward a practitioner audience.