By Stephen Blank (5/22/2002 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: The SCO came into being originally as a confidence-building mechanism to define the five members\' (Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, China) collective borders and ensure conditions for increased trade among them. However it soon evolved into something else. In a sense, China and Russia hijacked - or at least diverted - the SCO into becoming an allegedly model forum for their joint resistance to American policies concerning missile defense and support for Taiwan and for reform in Tibet and the American alliance system in Asia.
By Professor Stephen Blank (9/13/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: For over a year and a half, Uzbekistan has asked many countries for military assistance, among them Germany, China and the United States, in its armed struggle against militants from the Islamic Movement for Uzbekistan. The militants appear to be composed of both Islamic insurgents and bandits posing as Islamic rebels for their own purposes. These insurgencies began in mid-1999 after an attempt was made on President Islam Karimov's life and shortly following Karimovs withdrawal of Uzbekistan from of the collective security pact of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
By Damon Bristow (9/13/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: Thanks to the close relationship that existed between Moscow and New Delhi during the Cold War, New Delhi has traditionally had strong links with the Central Asian region. In the decade since the end of the superpower conflict in the region and the collapse of the Soviet Union, India has increasingly made an effort to build on these long-standing ties in order to establish links with the newly formed Central Asian Republics. Currently, the most important factor driving relations between India and the Central Asian Republics has been the rise of religious extremism and terrorism.
By Dr. Robert Bruce Ware (9/13/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: Political Islam became an active force in the Soviet Union during perestroika through the Islamic Party of Revival (IPR) that owed its organization and development to the efforts of three Dagestanis: Ahmed-Kadi Ahktayev, and the brothers Abbas and Bagaudin Kebedov. Bagaudin Kevedov, who is also known as Bagaudin Magomedov, became a key figure among Dagestani Wahhabis and is presently participation in the struggle in Chechnya. Wahhabism is a fundamentalist Sunni Islamic movement founded in Arabia in the middle 18th century by Mohammed Abd-al-Wahhab.
The Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst is a biweekly publication of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center affiliated with the American Foreign Policy Council, Washington DC., and the Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm. For 15 years, the Analyst has brought cutting edge analysis of the region geared toward a practitioner audience.